BiodivERsA highlights funded projects' success in latest newsletter
BiodivERsA has initiated a new section of their newsletter to highlight the impacts of BiodivERsA-funded projects. In the latest BiodivERsA newsletter of June 2017, this section tells about the societal outputs of the BUFFER project and the LIMNOTIP project. These two projects are funded through the 2011-2012 BiodivERsA call on 'Biodiversity dynamics: developing scenarios, identifying tipping points and improving resilience'.
BUFFER: Towards a new typology of marine partially protected areas
Marine protected areas (MPAs) are a global conservation and management tool to enhance the resilience of linked social-ecological systems with the aim of conserving biodiversity and providing ecosystem services for sustainable use. The current IUCN* categorisation of MPAs is based on management objectives which many times have a significant mismatch to regulations causing a strong uncertainty when evaluating global MPAs effectiveness. A novel global classification system for MPAs based on regulations of uses as an alternative or complement to the current IUCN system has been developed within the BiodivERsA funded BUFFER project. The reception of this new classification system has been enthusiastic since it fills a much-needed gap of assessing impacts of uses within MPAs by scoring those MPAs in a way that shows a strong correlation to the conservation objectives.
LIMNOTIP: Evaluating future biodiversity dynamics and tipping points in our freshwater ecosystems
LIMNOTIP stands for 'limnology' (freshwater ecology) and 'tipping point' refers to the phenomenon that freshwater ecosystems sometimes tip over from a clearwater state dominated by submerged plants and ample biodiversity, to a state characterized by algal blooms, turbid water with low provision of biodiversity and ecosystem services. LIMNOTIP aimed at understanding this phenomenon from an ecological perspective, and at assessing how different states may affect society and the perceived value of ecosystem services provided. Main conclusions have been that future elevated temperatures will likely increase intensity and duration of cyanobacteria blooms in lakes, but the effects will differ depending on food-chain length (Hansson et al. 2013). This conclusion suggests that proper management and restoration of lakes may be an efficient tool to safeguard ecosystem services. Further, in close cooperation with stakeholders, the researchers analysed an on-going restoration effort, showing that local management and restoration of a lake can buffer against global scale environmental threats, such as climate change and brownification.
For more information about BUFFER and LIMNOTIP: please go to the BiodivERsA website
To read the BiodivERsA newsletter of June 2017, see the BiodivERsa website
*International Union for Conservation of Nature